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Summary of the Health Risk Assessments of Synthetic Turf Fields

 I.            Introduction: The use of synthetic field turf or grass on athletic and recreational fields has increased significantly over the last 40 years primarily because of their durability and low maintenance. However, agency reports and published literature have heightened the public awareness of the potential health risks associated with the chemical constituents present in these …

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Flammability of Bakken Crude Oil: Illusive and Dangerously Deceptive

Suppose for the moment a noteworthy author published a paper dealing with the chemical properties of a flammable substance (like gasoline) made the following statements: The flammability as measured by the LFL (Lower Flammable Limit) and flash point (FP) of acetone vary with the amount of acetone that has evaporated. The LFL and FP of …

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Disposal of Separate Hazardous Waste Streams as a Single, Combined Non-Hazardous Waste

Hazardous waste is a waste with properties that make it potentially dangerous or harmful to human health or the environment. The universe of hazardous wastes is large and diverse. Hazardous wastes can be liquids, solids, or contained gases. They can be discrete chemical compounds, mixtures of compounds, or simply have some property that makes them …

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